Thursday, July 21, 2016

Paraffin & Kerosene

Paraffin wax is a waxy solid extracted from petroleum. Through a distillation process, solid paraffin wax becomes liquid paraffin, otherwise known as kerosene. Kerosene is a good source of energy for cooking and lighting. It is used as fuel in portable stoves and heaters. 
Kerosene stoves and heaters are reliable and durable, and perform well under adverse conditions. An advantage of kerosene stoves over butane stoves is their particularly high thermal output and their ability to operate at very low temperature in winter or at high altitude. Kerosene(paraffin) is less flammable and volatile than gasoline. 
A kerosene lantern with a one-inch wick will burn for 45 hours on 1 quart. The following amounts of kerosene would be used by burning a one-inch wick for 5 hours each day: 1/9 quart per day; 3 1/3 quarts per month; 10 gallons per year. Kerosene is one of the least expensive liquid fuels. It stores for long periods of time and can be used indoors with good ventilation. To avoid the kerosene smell, start and extinguish lanterns outside. Kerosene lanterns and stoves may produce a sooty smoke, so it's a good idea to have a working carbon monoxide detector, just to be safe.

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